Training and competing in the heat

medicine-science-sports3

Through both targeted reviews and original investigations, the issue presents the most up-to-date research relating to the mechanisms modulating performance in the heat, the strategies that can be utilised to attenuate the impairment in performance, and various methods to enhance recovery. The supplement also offers specific recommendations to athletes, coaches and event organisers in a Consensus Statement.

Including:

Editorial

Training and competing in the heat (pages 2–3)
D. Périard and S. Racinais
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Critical core temperature: a hypothesis too simplistic to explain hyperthermia-induced fatigue (pages 4–5)
Nybo and J. González-Alonso
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Consensus statement

Consensus recommendations on training and competing in the heat (pages 6–19)
Racinais, J. M. Alonso, A. J. Coutts, A. D. Flouris, O. Girard, J. González-Alonso, C. Hausswirth, O. Jay, J. K. W. Lee, N. Mitchell, G. P. Nassis, L. Nybo, B. M. Pluim, B. Roelands, M. N. Sawka, J. E. Wingo and J. D. Périard
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Reviews

Adaptations and mechanisms of human heat acclimation: Applications for competitive athletes and sports (pages 20–38)
D. Périard, S. Racinais and M. N. Sawka
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The role of fluid temperature and form on endurance performance in the heat (pages 39–51)
M. S. Tan and J. K. W. Lee
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Human behavioral thermoregulation during exercise in the heat (pages 52–64)
D. Flouris and Z. J. Schlader
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Neurophysiological effects of exercise in the heat (pages 65–78)
Roelands, K. De Pauw and R. Meeusen
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Sprint performance under heat stress: A review (pages 79–89)
Girard, F. Brocherie and D. J. Bishop
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Exercise intensity prescription during heat stress: A brief review (pages 90–95)
E. Wingo
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Original Articles

Acute acetaminophen ingestion does not alter core temperature or sweating during exercise in hot–humid conditions (pages 96–103)
B. Coombs, M. N. Cramer, N. M. Ravanelli, N. B. Morris and O. Jay
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Separate and combined effects of dehydration and thirst sensation on exercise performance in the heat (pages 104–111)
S. Cheung, G. W. McGarr, M. M. Mallette, P. J. Wallace, C. L. Watson, I. M. Kim and M. J. Greenway
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Hydration and endocrine responses to intravenous fluid and oral glycerol (pages 112–125)
P. van Rosendal, N. A. Strobel, M. A. Osborne, R. G. Fassett and J. S. Coombes
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Hyperthermia, but not muscle water deficit, increases glycogen use during intense exercise (pages 126–134)
E. Fernández-Elías, N. Hamouti, J. F. Ortega and R. Mora-Rodríguez
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Heat stress exacerbates the reduction in middle cerebral artery blood velocity during prolonged self-paced exercise (pages 135–144)
D. Périard and S. Racinais
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Restoring heat stress-associated reduction in middle cerebral artery velocity does not reduce fatigue in the heat (pages 145–153)
Keiser, D. Flück, A. Stravs, F. Hüppin and C. Lundby
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Plantar flexor neuromuscular adjustments following match-play football in hot and cool conditions (pages 154–163)
Girard, L. Nybo, M. Mohr and S. Racinais
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Augmented supraspinal fatigue following constant-load cycling in the heat (pages 164–172)
Goodall, K. Charlton, C. Hignett, J. Prichard, M. Barwood, G. Howatson and K. Thomas
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Influence of exercise training with thigh compression on heat-loss responses (pages 173–182)
Amano, Y. Inoue, S. Koga, T. Nishiyasu and N. Kondo
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Conductive and evaporative precooling lowers mean skin temperature and improves time trial performance in the heat (pages 183–189)
H. Faulkner, M. Hupperets, S. G. Hodder and G Havenith
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Physiological responses to incremental exercise in the heat following internal and external precooling (pages 190–199)
A. James, A. J. Richardson, P. W. Watt, O. R. Gibson and N. S. Maxwell
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Mild evaporative cooling applied to the torso provides thermoregulatory benefits during running in the heat (pages 200–210)
Filingeri, D. Fournet, S. Hodder and G. Havenith
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Relieving thermal discomfort: Effects of sprayed L-menthol on perception, performance, and time trial cycling in the heat (pages 211–218)
J. Barwood, J. Corbett, K. Thomas and P. Twentyman
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Low-frequency electrical stimulation combined with a cooling vest improves recovery of elite kayakers following a simulated 1000-m race in a hot environment (pages 219–228)
Borne, C. Hausswirth, J. T. Costello and F. Bieuzen
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Effectiveness of cold water immersion for treating exertional heat stress when immediate response is not possible (pages 229–239)
D. Flouris, B. J. Friesen, M. J. Carlson, D. J. Casa and G. P. Kenny
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Time course of natural heat acclimatization in well-trained cyclists during a 2-week training camp in the heat (pages 240–249)
Karlsen, L. Nybo, S. J. Nørgaard, M. V. Jensen, T. Bonne and S. Racinais
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A comparison of males and females’ temporal patterning to short- and long-term heat acclimation (pages 250–258)
A. Mee, O. R. Gibson, J. Doust and N. S. Maxwell
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Isothermic and fixed-intensity heat acclimation methods elicit equal increases in Hsp72 mRNA (pages 259–268)
R. Gibson, J. A. Mee, L. Taylor, J. A. Tuttle, P. W. Watt and N. S. Maxwell
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Heat acclimatization does not improve VO2max or cycling performance in a cool climate in trained cyclists (pages 269–276)
Karlsen, S. Racinais, M. V. Jensen, S. J. Nørgaard, T. Bonne and L. Nybo
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Swimming in warm water is ineffective in heat acclimation and is non-ergogenic for swimmers (pages 277–286)
D. Bradford, S. J. E. Lucas, D. F. Gerrard and J. D. Cotter
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Monitoring training to assess changes in fitness and fatigue: The effects of training in heat and hypoxia (pages 287–295)
Crowcroft, R. Duffield, E. McCleave, K. Slattery, L. K. Wallace and A. J. Coutts
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A reliable preloaded cycling time trial for use in conditions of significant thermal stress (pages 296–301)
R. Che Jusoh, R. H. Morton, S. R. Stannard and T. Mündel
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